Some I have spoken to recently have disputed this point, claiming the Jesus was not of the seed of David; that the genealogies are invented; that Jesus cannot be the promised Messiah.
However, throughout the Gospels we find people referring to Jesus, in passing, as the Son of David. In other words, Jesus’ link with David was not the main subject of their thought. That was usually a request for healing, but in addressing Jesus they show an awareness they He is the Son of David.
Mat 9:27 And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, crying, and saying, Thou Son of David, have mercy on us.
Mat 12:23 And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David?
Mat 15:22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.
Mat 20:30 And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David.
Mat 21:9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
Mat 22:42 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David.
If this was not the generally accepted fact, why would they call him such?
And while Matthew has the Davidic line of the Messiah particularly in view, it is not only he who records this.
Mark, in his Gospel, is more interested in the actual work of Messiah – the one who is called by Jehovah in Isaiah, ‘my servant’ – but he still makes two references to Jesus as the Son of David.
1) Mark 10:46-52 in relation to the healing of the blind man. This act is specifically mentioned in Isaiah 42:1-7 as the sign of Messiah the Servant.
Did any other Messianic candidate ever open the eyes of the blind?
Some suggest that the Messianic servant mentioned in Isaiah (42:1 for instance) is Cyrus the Great of Persia.
It is true that Cyrus is referred to as anointed in Isaiah 45, but that’s in reference to a very specific action. Mark, along with the other Gospel writers, show us that the Jews understood the promised Messiah, not as Cyrus, but the Son of David.
You might say this was just the belief of one blind man, but the next reference tells otherwise.
2) Mark 12:35-37 where Jesus, when teaching in the temple, asks why the Scribes believe Messiah to be the Son of David.
This shows it was the general theological belief among the students of the Scriptures, that Messiah would be the Son of David.
Now, before you jump to wrong conclusions and suggest that Jesus is questioning this belief to show it is wrong, read the subsequent verses to understand the point Jesus is trying to make.
Mar 12:36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Mar 12:37 David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly.
Note that Jesus immediately quotes from Psalm 110, and the point he is making is not to deny that Messiah is the Son of David, but to show that he is much more than the Son of David, indeed one who is exalted to sit at Jehovah’s right hand (compare Daniel 7:13, Mark 14:62)
He is asking the Scribes and the people to consider how Messiah could be both David’s Son and David’s Lord?
Cyrus could certainly not fulfil either of these criteria. He is not descended from David, and ruled a long time after David, so couldn’t be his lord.
Micah 5:2 helps us to understand this problem.
Mic 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.
The prophet Micah tells us that one shall come, be born in Bethlehem, Judah, the town of David, and by implication, of the seed of David, yet his birth is not his beginning, for he is everlasting.
Who could this be? Do we read anywhere else of one who is eternal being made flesh?
Joh 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
Jesus is indeed the Son of David. Jesus is the Christ, but is He your Lord?